Please Note: This page contains a list of published SATS articles from peer reviewed journals. Even though these articles were reviewed prior to publication, some of them contain errors and incorrect conclusions, including (but not limited to) incorrectly scoring the SATS and using inappropriate methods of analyzing pre and post data.
Bechrakisa, T., Gialamasb, V. & Barkatsas, A. N. (2011). Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics (SATS): An investigation of its construct validity and its factor structure invariance by gender. International Journal of Theoretical Educational Practice, 1(1), 1–15.
Bond, M. E., Perkins, S. & Ramirez, C. (2012). Students’ perceptions of statistics: An exploration of attitudes, conceptualizations, and content knowledge of statistics. Statistics Education Research Journal, 11(2), 6-25
. Retrieved from http://iase-web.org/documents/SERJ/SERJ11(2)_Bond.pdf
Cashin, S. E. & Elmore, P. B. (2005). The Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics scale: A construct validity study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65, 509-524.
Chew, P. K. H. & Dillon, D. B. (2014). Statistics Anxiety Update: Refining the Construct and Recommendations for a New Research Agenda. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(2), 196-208.
Chiesi, F. & Primi, C. (2009). Assessing statistics attitudes among college students: Psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Survey of Attitudes toward Statistics (SATS). Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 309-313.
Combs, J.P. & Onwuegbuzie, A.J. (2012). Relationships among Attitudes, Coping
Dauphinee, T. L., Schau, C. & Stevens, J. J. (1997). Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics: Factor structure and factorial invariance for females and males. Structural Equation Modeling, 4, 129-141.
Dempster, M. & McCorry, N. K. (2009). The role of previous experience and attitudes toward statistics in statistics assessment outcomes among undergraduate psychology students. Journal of Statistics Education, 17(2).
Retrieved from www.amstat.org/publications/jse/v17n2/dempster.html
Finney, S. J. & Schraw, G. (2003). Self-efficacy beliefs in college statistics courses. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28, 161-186.
Gundlach, E., Richards, K.A.R., Nelson, D. & Levesque-Bristol, C. (2015). A Comparison of Student Attitudes, Statistical Reasoning, Performance, and Perceptions for Web-augmented Traditional, Fully Online, and Flipped Sections of a Statistical Literacy Class. Journal of Statistics Education, 23(1)
. Retrieved from http://www.amstat.org/publications/jse/v23n1/gundlach.pdf
Hannigan, A., Gill, O. & Leavy, A.M. (2013). An investigation of prospective secondary mathematics teachers’ conceptual knowledge of and attitudes towards statistics. Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 16(6), 427–449.
Hannigan, A., Hegarty, A.C. & McGrath, D. (2014). Attitudes towards statistics of graduate entry medical students: the role of prior learning experiences. BMC Medical Education, 14
. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/14/70
Hilton, S. C., Schau, C. & Olsen, J. A. (2004). Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics: Factor structure invariance by gender and by administration time. Structural Equation Modeling, 11, 92-109.
Hood, M, Creed. P. A. & Neumann, D. L. (2012). Using the expectancy value model of motivation to understand the relationship between student attitudes and achievement in statistics. Statistics Education Research Journal, 11(2)
, 72-85. Retrieved from http://iase-web.org/documents/SERJ/SERJ11(2)_Hood.pdf
Krishnan, S. & Idris, N. (2015). Investigating SATS-36 for a Matriculation Sample. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education 4(2). 84-88.
Lesser, L. M., Pearl, D. K. & Weber III, J. J. (2016). Assessing Fun Items’ Effectiveness in Increasing Learning of College Introductory Statistics Students: Results of a Randomized Experiment. Journal of Statistics Education, 24(2)
, 54-62. Retrieved from http://tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10691898.2016.1190190
Liau, A.K., Kiat, J.E. & Nie, Y. (2015). Investigating the Pedagogical Approaches Related to Changes in Attitudes Toward Statistics in a Quantitative Methods Course for Psychology Undergraduate Students. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 24(2), 319–327.
Mahmud, Z. & Zainol, M. S. (2008). Examining postgraduate students’ perceived competency in statistical data analysis and their attitudes toward statistics. International Journal of Education and Information Technologies, 1(2), 79–86.
Marquez, J.C. (2004). Una Revisisn de las Evidencias de Fiabilidad y Vadlidez de los Cuestionarios de Actitudes y Ansiedad Hacia la Estadmstica. Statistics Education Research Journal, 3(1), 5-28. Retrieved from
Mathew, L. & Aktan, N.M. (2014). Nursing student attitudes toward statistics. Journal of Nursing Education, 53(4). 233-237.
Milic, N. M, Masic, S., Milin-Lazovic J., Trajkovic, G., Bukumiric, Z., Savic, M., et al. (2016). The Importance of Medical Students' Attitudes Regarding Cognitive Competence for Teaching Applied Statistics: Multi-Site Study and Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE 11(10) . Retrieved from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0164439
Mills, J. A. (2004). Students’ attitudes toward Statistics: Implications for the future. College Student Journal, 38, 349-361.
Nasser, F. M. (2004). Structural model of the effects of cognitive and affective factors on the achievement of Arabic-speaking pre-service teachers in introductory statistics. Journal of Statistics Education, 12(1)
, 1-24. Retrieved from www.amstat.org/publications/jse/v12n1/nasser.html
Nolan, M. M., Beran, T. & Hecker, K. G. (2012). Surveys assessing students’ attitudes toward statistics: A systematic review of validity and reliability. Statistics Education Research Journal, 11(2)
, 103-123. Retrieved from http://iase-web.org/documents/SERJ/SERJ11(2)_Nolan.pdf
Ratanaolarn, T. (2016). The Development of a Structural Equation Model of
Graduate Students’ Statistics Achievement. International Journal of Behavioral Science, 11(2), 153-168.
Ruggeri, K., Dempster, M., Hanna, D. & Cleary, C. (2008). Experiences and expectations: The real reason nobody likes stats. Psychology Teaching Review, 14(2), 75-83.
Ruggeri, K., Diaz, C., Kelly, K., Papousek, I., Dempster, M, & Hanna, D. (2008). International issues in education. Psychology Teaching Review, 14(2), 65-74.
Schau, C. (2000). Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics. In J. Maltby, C. A. Lewis, & A. Hill (Eds.), Commissioned Reviews on 250 Psychological Tests
(pp. 898-901). Lampeter, Wales: Edwin Mellen Press.
Schau, C., Stevens, J., Dauphinee, T. L. & Del Vecchio, A. (1995). The development and validation of the Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 55, 868-875.
Schutz, P.A., Drogosz, L. M., White, V. E. & Distefano, C. (1998). Prior knowledge, attitude, and strategy use in an introduction to statistics course. Learning and Individual Differences, 10, 291-308.
Slootmaeckers, K., Kerremans, B. & Adriaensen, J. (2014). Too Afraid to Learn: Attitudes towards Statistics as a Barrier to Learning Statistics and to Acquiring Quantitative Skills. Politics, 34(2), 191–200.
Stanisavljevic, D., Trajkovic, G., Marinkovic, J., Bukumiric, Z., Cirkovic, A. & Milic, N. (2014). Assessing Attitudes towards Statistics among Medical Students: Psychometric Properties of the Serbian Version of the Survey of Attitudes Towards Statistics (SATS). PLoS ONE, 9(11)
. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4236124/pdf/pone.0112567.pdf
Tempelaar, D. T., Gijselaers, W. J., Schim van der Loeff, S. & Nijhuis, J. F. H. (2007). A structural equation model analyzing the relationship of student achievement motivations and personality factors in a range of academic subject-matter areas. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 32(1), 105-131.
Tempelaar, D. T. & Nijhuis. J. F. H. (2007). Commonalities in attitudes and beliefs toward different academic subjects. In M. K. McCuddy, H. van den Bosch, J. W. B. Martz, A. V. Matveev, & K. O. Morse (Eds.), Educational Innovation in Economics and Business X: The Challenges of Educating People to Lead in a Challenging World
(pp. 225-250). Berlin: Springer.
Tempelaar, D. T., Schim van der Loeff, S. & Gijselaers, W. H. (2007). A structural equation model analyzing the relationship of students' attitudes toward statistics, prior reasoning abilities, and course performance. Statistics Education Research Journal, 6(2)
, 78-102. Retrieved from http://iase-web.org/documents/SERJ/SERJ6(2)_Tempelaar.pdf
VanHoof, S., Kuppens, S., Castro Sotos, A. E., Verschaffel, L. & Onghena, P. (2011). Measuring statistics attitudes: Structure of the Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics (SATS-36). Statistics Education Research Journal, 10(1)
, 35-51. Retrieved from http://iase-web.org/documents/SERJ/SERJ10(1)_Vanhoof.pdf
Zhang, Y., Shang, L., Wang, R., Zhao, Q., Li, C., Xu, Y. & Su, H. (2012). Attitudes toward statistics in medical postgraduates: measuring, evaluating and monitoring. BMC Medical Education, 12
. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1472-6920-12-117.pdf
Zimprich, D. (2012). Attitudes toward statistics among Swiss psychology students. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71(3), 149–155.